Analysis of net-zero emission index for several areas in Indonesia using individual carbon footprint and land use covered

Tuesday, June 6 2023


1) Research Center for Environmental and Clean Technology, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Geostech Building 820, Puspiptek Serpong, South
Tangerang, Indonesia
2) Ministry of Environment and Forestry of The Republic of Indonesia, D.I Panjaitan Street Kav 24 Kebon Nanas, East Jakarta, Indonesia
3) Department of Agro-Industrial Technology, Institut Teknologi Indonesia, Puspitek Street, Setu, Serpong, South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia
4) Darma Persada University, South Taman Malaka Street No.8, Duren Sawit, East Jakarta, Indonesia
5) Mitra Pembangunan Kawasan Timur Indonesia Foundation, Muria Street No.28, Pasar Manggis, South Jakarta, Indonesia


The issue of global warming continues to be a concern for the international world. One of the causes of global warming is the greenhouse gas (GHG) effect caused by an increase in the amount of emissions in the atmosphere. Indonesia has set targets for reducing GHG emissions in the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) by 31.89% on its own capability and 43.20% with international assistance in 2030. Therefore, to support the program, it is necessary to conduct research to inventory the emissions produced and emissions absorbed by each region in Indonesia. This study calculated the net-zero emission index in an area by comparing the value of carbon emission with the value of carbon sequestration based on land cover in an area. Regional emission data was obtained from Aksara Bappenas, while regional sequestration data was obtained from RAD-GRK and satellite imagery interpretation based on land cover. Meanwhile, to calculate emissions at the city/regency level, individual carbon footprint data was used and converted into city/regency emission data. The calculation of the carbon index was carried out nationally in all provinces of Indonesia. Several provinces were further tested as examples to determine sequestration based on land cover from imagery interpretation. The results show that the Indonesian net-zero emission index is lower than 1, but some provinces with dense populations have a net-zero emission index >1, namely: DKI Jakarta, DI Yogyakarta, North Sumatra, and Riau.


Carbon Emission, Carbon Index, Land covered, Net-zero, Sequestration


1) Mawardi, 1) Winanti, 1) Sudinda, 1) Amru, 2) Saraswati, 1,3 ) Sachoemar, 4) Arifin and 5) Alimin





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