Rural electrification efforts from the perspective of ASEAN Energy Awards

23 April 2024


Access to reliable and affordable electricity remains a cornerstone of sustainable development and renewable energy in the ASEAN region. While all member states strive for universal electrification, progress varies significantly, influenced by diverse national landscapes and approaches. This research sheds light on rural electrification efforts through the lens of ASEAN Energy Awards, uncovering stakeholder roles, quantifying impacts, and promoting cross-learning among member states. Through analysis of project submissions and winners from 2010 to 2023 (N = 62), the study delves into three key areas. First, there has been a shift beyond traditional government-led initiatives. While state-owned enterprises, government agencies, and international development agencies remain active, the emergence of universities, private enterprises, non-profit organisations, and even communities themselves signals the growing importance of bottom-up approaches. The analysis delves into the prevalence of technologies like solar PV (photovoltaics) and micro-hydropower, revealing trends in installed capacity and cost-effectiveness (the dominance of projects below US$100,000). The study identifies consistent rural electrification efforts across countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand, which recorded the most project submissions. Findings reveal a dynamic landscape of rural electrification efforts in ASEAN. The rising presence of non-state actors and community-driven initiatives presents opportunities for increased private sector contributions and bottom-up solutions.



ASEAN, Energy Access, Renewable Energy


Monika Merdekawati, Beni Suryadi, Veronica Ayu Pangestika, Zahrah Zafira

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