ASEAN Climate Action: A Review of Nationally Determined Contribution Submissions towards COP26

27 October 2021

Key Points

  • In 2020, five AMS submitted or updated their NDCs, while the remaining five completed theirs in 2021.
  • The latest NDCs of the AMS demonstrate more ambitious commitments as reflected in the mitigation targets, conditionality of NDCs and wider coverage of greenhouse gases (GHG) and sectors.
  • Malaysia, Myanmar and the Philippines upgraded the conditionality status, while the others kept it unchanged.
  • The majority of the GHG targets are defined as relative to the baseline scenario to 2030; and more GHGs and sectors are covered in the latest NDCs.
  • The fairness and ambition of latest NDCs are developed based on the national circumstances of each AMS. International support is noted as crucial.



Regional Energy Policy and Planning


Monika Merdekawati, Beni Suryadi, Suwanto and Gabriella Ienanto

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