Despite the ASEAN’s economic progress in recent years and its average electrification ratio which reached 88% according to AGEP’s Country Profiles 2020, many people in the region are still without access to secured electrical supply. As reported in the 5th ASEAN Energy Outlook (AEO5) under the AMS Target Scenario (ATS), the demand for energy (linked with industrialisation, economic growth and urbanisation, among others) in the region will continue to rise by 2.8% annually from 427 Mtoe in 2015 to 856 Mtoe in 2040. According to conventional calculations, the demand is reportedly mainly from fossil fuel resources such as coal, oil, and gas in all 10 Member States. With still relatively intensive use of fossil fuels under this ATS, emissions are expected to increase by 1.8 times in 2040, reaching 2,652 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, compared to the 2015 level.
Moving towards a more sustainable future, the ten members of ASEAN are committed to their regional energy blueprint, which is called the ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation (APAEC) 2016 – 2025 and was adopted in 2015 by the ASEAN Ministers of Energy. The APAEC framework states that the 10 AMS will continue the development of conventional energy technologies (such as coal and gas) towards a cleaner means of utilisation, meanwhile also pursuing concrete targets for renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE). It also envisages an expansion of RE to 23% of the Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) and reduction of Energy Intensity (EI) by 30% by 2025. According to the AEO5 under the ATS, the EI reduction is predicted to surpass the target into 35% (or by 5%) in 2025, compared to 2005 level. While over the same timeframe, the RE share in TPES is projected to reach 17.5% in 2025.
As the agency that involves in the implementation of APAEC, ACE takes role as regional knowledge centre, catalyst and think tank. As the regional knowledge centre, ACE collects and disseminates energy-related data and information and provides its technical expertise to the AMS. In its role of catalyst, ACE organises meetings of the relevant ASEAN bodies, processes and coordinates the development and implementation of the APAEC. As the think tank, ACE functions include research, development and evaluation of energy policy, economic concepts and strategies as well as the identification and development of innovative solutions in the energy sector.
Implemented by the ACE and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the ASEAN-German Energy Programme (AGEP) Phase II aims to strengthen ACE in its role as a regional centre of excellence for sustainable energy.
The overall objective of the ASEAN-German Energy Programme Phase II is to strengthen ACE in its role as a regional centre of excellence for sustainable energy.
The joint programme operates in three areas: